FULL TEXT In military planning it is a different matter In planning, context is everything. It is context that delivers the mission, constraints, restraints, context influences resources, and all else. The military planning process is institutionalized in the military decisionmaking process (MDMP), or in the Marine Corps Planning Process. In the commercial world, no matter whether it is a construction project or a software project, there are also institutional planning processes. One of the planning and project management standards is in the Program Management Institute, Project Management Body of Knowledge, which provides guidelines for managing projects. This internationally recognized project management process is an American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standard (ANSI/PMI 99-0012013). The process is also called the PMP (project management professional) process. As with the military planning, so with the PMP process: context drives the business need, timeline, resources, and all else. The PMP process is more than planning guidelines; and, through its five process groups, it outlines how projects should be initiated, planned, executed, monitored and controlled, and closed.
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